Robert P. Clark Papers

 Collection — Multiple Containers
Identifier: BAQ049

Scope and Contents

BSQAP 0105 1975-1990

-Clippings mostly about inquries done in the Basque Country

-TVI report magazine, vol. 9, no. 4. Articles: Clark, Robert P. Negotiating with Euzkadi ta Askatasuna (ETA) and The Legitimacy of Ethnonationalism Insurgency. Evidence of Popular Support for the Basque Separatism Organization Euzkadi ta Askatasuna (ETA)

-Annual reports of Amnesty International about Spain (1975, 1979)

-Reports done by Gernika Gogoratuz about the Basque conflict

-Zulaika, Joseba. Terror, Totem, and Taboo: Reporting on a Report

BSQAP 0106 1975-1990

-Several issues of serials Alderdi, Frente Nacional Vasco, Gudari, Euzkadi (Caracas), Euzkadi (Bilbo), Eraiki.

-Political pamphlets of PNV

-Lehendakari’s speech in the Basque Parlament about general politics

-Budget for the Basque Autonomous Community (1985).

-Budget for the province government of Gipuzkoa (1985).

-Analysis about Basque Economy (1985).

-Program about regional development (1986-1988)

-Articles written by Robert P. Clark:

--The Legitimacy of Political Violence? : The Case of Western Europe;

--Patterns in the Lives of ETA Members;

--Modernization and Violence in Basque Mountain Culture;

--The Basques: Before and After Franco;

--The Roots of Insurgency: The Social Origins of Euzkadi ta Askatasuna (ETA) ;

--Spain’s Autonomous Communities. A case Study in Ethnic Power Sharing;

--Regionalism in Spain. The Basque Case;

--Patterns of Insurgent Violence in Spain’s Basque Provinces.

BSQAP 0107 1984-1990

-Press dossier about flooding that occurred in August 1983 (3 volumes)

-Articles written by Robert P. Clark:

--Territorial Devolution as a Strategy to Resolve Ethnic Conflict. Basque Self-Governance in Spain’s Autonomous Community System;

--Public Policies to Protect a Minority Language. The Basque Case;

--Negotiating with Insurgents. Obstacles to Peace in the Basque Country;

--Negotiating with Euzkadi ta Askatasuna (ETA). A Two-Track Approach to Ending Insurgent Violence in Spain’s Basque Provinces;

--Obstacles to Negotiating a Cease Fire with Insurgents. Lessons from the ETA Case, 1976 to 1984.

-Maps of Basque Country

BSQAP 0108 1984-1990

-Basque laws

-Articles by Oriol Pi Sunyer:

--The Periphery as Core: Some Refletions on Catalan Nationalism;

--The Political Economy of the Catalan Nationalism Movement;

--The 1977 Parliamentary Elections in Barcelona: Primordial Symbols in a Time of Change;

--Nationalism and Societal Integration: A Focus on Catalonia;

--Political Humor in a Dictatorial State: The Case of Spain;

--Through Native Eyes: Tourists and Tourism in a Catalan Maritime Community;

--The Historiography of Américo Castro: An Anthropological Interpretation;

--Occupational Images and Ethnicity: Some Observations on the Attitudes of Middle-Class Catalans (in collaboration with Mary Jane Pi-Sunyer);

--Two Stages of Technological Change in a Catalan Fishing Community;

--The Politics of Tourism in Catalonia;

--The Perception of the Past: Spanish Historiography;

--Catalan Political Modalities;

--A critique of John Sullivan’s book ETA and Basque Nationalism: The Fight for Euskadi, 1980-1986

-Shabad, Goldie; Gunther, Richard. Language, Nationalism and Political Conflict in Spain

-Gunther, Richard. A Comparative Study of Regionalism in Spain

-Monreal, Gregorio. La crisis de las instituciones forales públicas vascas

-Medhurst, Ken. Basque Nationalism

-Jauregui, Gurutz. The Political Violence in the Basque Country

-Siguan, Miguel. Bilingual Education in Spain

-Siguan, Miguel. Lenguas y educación en España

-Paine, Stanley. Nacionalismo español y regionalismo nacionalista en España separata.

-Linz, Juan. Early State-Building and Late Peripheral Nationalism Against the State: The Case of Spain;

-Linz, Juan. Hacia un análisis regional de las elecciones de 1936 en España

-Tusell, Javier; García Queipo de Llano, Genoveva. Introducción a la sociología electoral del País Vasco durante la Segunda República

- Jauregui, Gurutz. National identity and political violence in the Basque Country

-Jacob, James E. The Basque of France: A Case of Peripheral Ethnonationalism in Europe

-Harrison, Joseph. Big Business and the Rise of Basque Nationalism.

-Del Valle, Teresa. Women’s Power in Basque Culture: Ideology and Practice

-Cibrián, Ramiro. El sistema electoral y de partidos en Euzkadi

BSQAP 0109 1977-1983

-Population growth data (1977, 1979, 1982 and 1983)

-Transcription of speech done by Xabier Arzallus in Beasain, 28 December 1984

-Discussion about the Law of Historical Territories

-Monreal, Gregorio. Anotaciones sobre el pensamiento político tradicional vasco en el siglo XVI

-Yrizar, Pedro de. Los dialectos y variedades de la Lengua Vasca.

-Report about attacks in 1982 by armed groups in the Basque Country

-Agreement to form Government between Eusko Alkartasuna and Euskadiko Ezkerra.

BSQAP 0110 1979-1988

Results of elections and referendums (1979, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1986 and 1988)

BSQAP 0111 1979-1987

-Clark, Robert P. The Legitimacy of Ethnonationalist Insurgency. Evidence of Popular Support for the Basque Separatist Organization Euzkadi ta Askatasuna (ETA) ;

-Clark, Robert P. Patterns of Insurgent Violence in Spain’s Basque Provinces,

- Clark, Robert P. Summary Form: ETA Attacks. Methodology and Notes for Users

-First and second reports done by Gernika Gogoratuz about the Basque conflict

-Results of elections (1986 and 1987)

-Monthly reports about violent cases held in the Basque Country done by the U.S. Consulate in Bilbao.

BSQAP 0428

-Clark, Robert P. Negotiating with Insurgents: Obstacles to Peace in the Basque County article in


  • 1975-1990

Language of Materials

Materials mostly in English, some materials in Spanish.


Collection is open for research. Materials must be used on-site.

Biographical / Historical

Robert Purdue Clark was born in 1940. He completed his BA in political science and Latin American studies in 1962 at Tulane University, New Orleans, and completed his MA and PhD in international studies from Johns Hopkins University. In 1977, Clark became a professor of government and politics in the Department of Public and International Affairs and a coordinator of the interdisciplinary program in global systems at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia. He is currently retired. He is a renowned expert on the Basque situation and on radical politics, and his research interests go from Spain in the 80s and the transition to democracy to global history and the role of human thermodynamics in globalization.





3.75 Cubic Feet (8 boxes)


Different kind of materials related to Basque political issues, especially ETA and the Basque Conflict. It includes several articles written by Oriol P. Sunyer and Robert P. Clark, press dossiers and clippings, maps, election results, Basque laws, newspaper supplements and a magazine, various reports and a a copy of the book “The Legitimacy of Ethnonationalist Insurgency” by Robert P. Clark.

a guide to the papers of Robert P. Clark
Irati Urkitza Ansoleaga
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the University of Nevada, Reno. Jon Bilbao Basque Library Repository

1664 N. Virginia St.
Reno Nevada 89557-0322 USA
775-682-5724 (Fax)