Dorothy Legarreta Research Collection on Basque refugee children
Scope and Content
The photos, newspaper clippings, programs, letters, and booklets in the collection were compiled by Dorothy Legarreta during her research into Basque refugee children and the trauma they suffered as a result of the Spanish Civil War and being evacuated to other countries for the book: The Guernica generation : Basque refugee children of the Spanish Civil War.
- Legarreta, Dorothy, 1926 - 1988 (Author, Person)
Language of Materials
Primarily English and Spanish, plus a small amount of materials in Basque, Dutch, and Russian.
Conditions Governing Access - Restrictions
Collection is open for research. Materials must be used on-site.
Biographical / Historical
Dorothy Legarreta (1926-1988) was an academic, author, and activist. Her father was born and grew up near Gernika (Guernica), but immigrated in 1917 to Cotati, California, where Legarreta was born. Growing up her father discussed events associated with the Spanish Civil War and imparted a strong sense of Basque identity to her. As a young woamn she received a B.A. in bio-chemistry and Nutrition, then later went on to get a M.A. in Children's Education and a Phd. in Curriculum and Instruction from the University of California, Berkeley. Between her undergraduate and graduate studies, she raised ten children and helped establish a preschool in an underserved West Oakland neighborhood, where she taught and served as director for three years. In 1975, she completed her Phd. and started teaching at Mills College in Oakland, California. At this time she wrote an influential paper, "Language Choice in Bilingual Classrooms," as well as other articles on aspects of child development. Because of her background in child development, she became interested in trauma the way the war and evacuation affected Basque children and began researching the topic as well as conducting interviews with the survivors in a number of countries. The culmination of this research was the publication in 1985 of: The Guernica Generation: Basque refugee children of the Spanish Civil War.
She was also active in a number of community organizations, including the American Civil Liberties Union, the Citizen for Farm Labor Group, and the Industrial Welfare Commission Wage Board for Women and Minors in Agriculture. But the organization she was most passionate about was the National Association of Radiation Survivors of the United States, which she founded. Her work with that organization contributed to President Bush signing a bill appropriating funds for radiation victims in 1990.
“Basque Scholar.” The University News, Boise State University, Sep 15, 1986, p.2. https://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.bing.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1769&context=student_newspapers. Accessed 4 April 2019.
Legarreta, Dorothy. “Language Choice in Bilingual Classrooms.” TESOL Quarterly , vol. 11, no. 1, 1977, pp. 9-16. http://tesol.aua.am/tq_digital/tq_digit/Vol_11_1.pdf. Accessed 4 April 2019.
Packard, Edward. The Many Histories of the Basque refugee children in Britain, Childhood Remixed May 2018. https://www.basquechildren.org/-/docs/articles/childhoodremixed. Accessed 4 April 2019.
Totoricaguena, Glora. The Basques of New York: A Cosmopolitan Experience, colección urazandi bilduma 12, with the collaboration of Emilia Sarriugarte Doyaga and Anna M. Renteria Aguirre, Eusko Jaurlaritza Gobierno Vasco, Vitoria-Gasteiz, 2003, p. 288, http://exhibits.usu.edu/exhibits/show/nuclearwest/downwinderscompensation, accessed 4 April 2019.
0.71 Cubic Feet (2 boxes)
Dorothy Legarreta (1926-1988) was an academic, author, and activist. The photos, newspaper clippings, programs, letters, and booklets in this collection were compiled by her while researching the trauma Basque children suffered from the Spanish Civil War and being evacuated for her book: The Guernica generation : Basque refugee children of the Spanish Civil War.
The collection is arranged into folders by topic, followed by manuscripts and booklets listed individualy.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The materials making up this collections were transferred from box EPH0064 of the Ephemera Collection.
- A Guide to the Dorothy Legarreta Research Collection on Basque refugee children
- Chris Bruce
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
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